Uganda Unveils Visionary Energy Transition Plan at COP28

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uganda unveils visionary energy transition plan at cop28
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Uganda has introduced an ambitious Energy Transition Plan (ETP) at COP28, in a collaborative effort with the International Energy Agency (IEA), marking a significant stride in global climate action.

The ETP, born from the strategic alliance between Uganda and the IEA, envisions boosting Uganda’s renewable energy capacity to an impressive 52 gigawatts by 2040. “This plan showcases the potential of international cooperation and a shared commitment to a sustainable future,” expressed Dr. Fatih Birol, the Executive Director of the IEA. He added, “The IEA is honored to be a partner in this crucial endeavor.”

The primary objectives of the ETP include a substantial reduction in carbon emissions and the protection of Uganda’s rich forests. Furthermore, the plan outlines an ambitious target of achieving a renewable energy production capacity of 52 GW by 2040.



This groundbreaking initiative serves as a visionary blueprint to overhaul Uganda’s energy sector. The plan aims to transition 94% of the population from biomass to renewable energy by 2030, representing a pivotal move towards environmental sustainability and economic growth.

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Dr. Ruth Nankabirwa Ssentamu, Uganda’s Minister of Energy and Mineral Development, emphasized, “This plan is more than just an energy strategy; it’s a commitment to our planet and future generations.” Dr. Nankabirwa presided over the launch event held in Dubai.

A distinctive feature of the ETP is its innovative funding model, capitalizing on revenues generated from Uganda’s expanding oil and gas sector. Nankabirwa highlighted, “We have a unique opportunity to finance this transition through our natural resources, setting an example of responsible and sustainable development.”

The anticipated positive impact of the ETP on living conditions in Uganda is substantial. Irene Bateebe, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Energy, noted, “By moving away from biomass, we’re not only protecting our environment but also saving lives.” The plan aims to address the health hazards associated with indoor air pollution from biomass use, which currently contributes to 50,000 annual deaths.



Uganda’s current emphasis on renewable energy has positioned it as a global leader, with a renewable energy mix of 95% from hydro and solar. The nation aspires to become a regional energy hub, as stated by Dr. Nankabirwa: “Our goal is to become a beacon of renewable energy in East Africa.”

The innovative funding approach, leveraging oil and gas reserves, sets Uganda apart as a unique example of utilizing natural resources for sustainable development. The collaboration with the IEA has been crucial in aligning the funding strategy with environmental commitments, remarked Uganda’s Minister of Energy and Mineral Development.

The success of the ETP relies on global collaboration and private-sector investment. Irene Bateebe emphasized, “To realize our vision, we need the world to join us in this journey.” The plan aligns with Uganda’s commitment to the Paris Agreement and targets net-zero emissions in the energy sector by 2065.

Uganda’s Energy Transition Plan signifies a bold step towards a greener future, demonstrating the transformative potential of renewable energy for economies and lives. As the world observes, Uganda is not merely planning for an energy revolution but actively leading it.

“Together, we will energize our nation and empower our people,” concluded Dr. Ssentamu, marking a new chapter in Uganda’s journey towards sustainable energy independence.



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